Afghanistan is a South Asian country inhabited by about 34,656,032 people as of 2016. It is the world’s 40th largest country with a total area of 252,072 square miles. The capital city of Afghanistan is Kabul. The word “Afghanistan” comes from the term “Afghan” which originated sometime in the 3rd century. The suffix of “-stan” is commonly used in countries as it is Persian for “place”. Afghanistan is sometimes written as Afghanestan.